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Friday, July 17, 2020 | History

4 edition of The complementary role of exports and R & D investments as sources of productivity growth found in the catalog.

The complementary role of exports and R & D investments as sources of productivity growth

Bee-Yan Aw

The complementary role of exports and R & D investments as sources of productivity growth

by Bee-Yan Aw

  • 307 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Taiwan.
    • Subjects:
    • Exports -- Taiwan.,
    • Electronic industries -- Taiwan.,
    • Research -- Economic aspects -- Taiwan.,
    • Industrial productivity -- Taiwan.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementBee Yan Aw, Mark J. Roberts, Tor Winston.
      SeriesNBER working paper series ;, working paper 11774, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online) ;, working paper no. 11774.
      ContributionsRoberts, Mark J., Winston, Tor., National Bureau of Economic Research.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHB1
      The Physical Object
      FormatElectronic resource
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL3479307M
      LC Control Number2005620565

      International comparison of labour productivity growth () Tables 1 and 2 imply that the contribution of intangible investment to economic growth depends on the composition of intangibles and the industry structure. Figure 1 shows growth accounting in the market economy and service sector in Japan and Korea. The analysis describes global trends and long-term sources of total factor productivity growth, along with broad trends in partial factor productivity for land and labor, revisiting the question of scale economies in farming. Technology is central to growth in agricultural productivity, yet across many parts of the developing world.

      domestic investment. However, the higher productivity of FDI holds only when the host country has a minimum threshold stock of human capital. Thus, FDI contributes to economic growth only when a sufficient absorptive capability of the advanced technologies is available in the host economy. Elsevier Science B.V. The productivity slowdown reflects both lower multifactor productivity growth and weak capital accumulation.2 It has multiple and partly interlinked causes, some related to the global financial crisis and its aftermath (e.g. reduced credit availability affecting tangible and intangible investment) and some to more structural factors, such as a decline in business dynamism and the poor.

      progress. From to , the computer industry had the highest level of R&D intensity of any industry in the manufacturing sector (Griliches, ) and its products have exhibited unprecedented quality improvements. Second, the value of computers may be substantially attenuated or magnified by complementary investments. Productivity is the ultimate engine of growth in the global economy. Raising productivity is therefore a fundamental challenge for countries going new OECD report on The Future of Productivity shows that we are not running out of ideas. In fact, the growth of the globally most productive firms has remained robust in the 21st century.


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The complementary role of exports and R & D investments as sources of productivity growth by Bee-Yan Aw Download PDF EPUB FB2

Downloadable. This paper examines two potential channels of knowledge acquisition that underlie firm productivity growth in the Taiwanese electronics industry: participation in the export market and investments in R&D and/or worker training. We focus on the argument that a firm's own investments in R&D are necessary for the firm to assimilate knowledge or expertise gained from foreign contacts.

Complementary role of exports and R & D investments as sources of productivity growth. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research, (OCoLC) Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: Bee-Yan Aw; Mark J Roberts; Tor Winston; National Bureau of Economic Research.

The Complementary Role of Exports and R&D Investments as Sources of Productivity Growth Bee Yan Aw, Mark J. Roberts, Tor Winston. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in November NBER Program(s):International Trade and Investment, Productivity, Innovation, and EntrepreneurshipCited by: Get this from a library.

The complementary role of exports and R & D investments as sources of productivity growth. [Bee-Yan Aw; Mark J Roberts; Tor Winston; National Bureau of Economic Research.] -- "This paper examines two potential channels of knowledge acquisition that underlie firm productivity growth in the Taiwanese electronics industry: participation in the export market and.

The Complementary Role of Exports and R&D Investments as Sources of Productivity Growth. This paper examines two potential channels of knowledge acquisition that underlie firm productivity growth in the Taiwanese electronics industry: participation in the export market and investments in R&D and/or worker training.

We focus on the argument that a firm's own investments in R&D are necessary for the firm to assimilate knowledge or expertise gained from foreign contacts and thus are.

The Complementary Role of Exports and R&D Investments as Sources of Productivity Growth Bee Yan Aw, Mark J. Roberts, and Tor Winston NBER Working Paper No. November JEL No. F14, O12, D42 ABSTRACT This paper examines two potential channels of knowledge acquisition that underlie firm productivityCited by: BibTeX @MISC{Aw05notice,is, author = {Bee Yan Aw and Mark J.

Roberts and Tor Winston and Steve Olley and Mark Schankerman and Bee Yan Aw and Mark J. Roberts and Tor Winston}, title = {notice, is given to the source. The Complementary Role of Exports and R&D Investments as Sources of Productivity Growth}, year = {}}.

The goal of this paper is then to investigate how financial constraints affected the firms' R&D investments dynamics, and consequently, firms' innovation and productivity.

The lagged productivity is included as a proxy of the firms’ efficiency in line with existing studies and to take account of the self-selection of more efficient firms regarding their export activity (Aw et al.,Silva et al., ).The expected relationship between the previous productivity level and returns from both R&D and exports is positive (Aw, Roberts, and Xu, ).

These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that export experience is an important source of productivity growth for Taiwanese firms and that firm investments in R&D and worker training. "The Complementary Role of Exports and R&D Investments as Sources of Productivity Growth," NBER Working PapersNational Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

Timothy Dunne & Shawn D. Klimek & Mark J. Roberts,   Endogenous Growth Theory: The endogenous growth theory is an economic theory which argues that economic growth is generated from within a system as a direct result of internal processes.

More. Included in this group of factors are the sources of finance, the level of investment (local, regional or national), the supporting legal, organisational and institutional policies and processes, and any necessary complementary policy actions (e.g., grants, tax breaks and training programmes).

Aw BY, Roberts MJ, Winston T () The complementary role of exports and R&D investments as sources of productivity growth. NBER working paper no. Google Scholar Bartel A, Lichtenberg F () The comparative advantage of educated workers in implementing new technology.

in export market sales. As a result, exporting –rms have a higher payo⁄ from R&D investment, invest in R&D more frequently than –rms that only sell in the domestic market, and, subsequently, have higher rates of productivity growth. The endogenous investment in R&D is an important mechanism that leads to a divergence in the long-run.

China’s efforts in searching for new sources of growth are increasingly pressing given the persistence of the growth slowdown in recent years. This year’s book elucidates key present macroeconomic challenges facing China’s economy inand the impacts and readiness of human capital, innovation and technological change in affecting the development of China’s economy.

We commonly focus on labour productivity measured by output per person employed or output per person hour.; A better measure of productivity growth is total factor productivity which takes into account changes in the amount of capital to use and also changes in the size of the labour force.; If the size of the capital stock grows by 3% and the employed workforce expands by 2% and output (GDP.

Public and private expenditures on R &D are often used to proxy the level of human capital as well. Coen and Eisner () specifically include R&D, education and training as forms of human capital investment. Social capital is the stock of personal relationships and knowledge of institutions that an individual or household has.

Many economists have suggested that slowing technical innovation is behind the secular stagnation and slowdown in total factor productivity growth that have plagued many advanced economies since the Global Crisis.

This column, first published in Januaryargues that the recent rise of the intangible economy could play an important role. Agriculture and food systems are rapidly transforming, characterized by shifting food preferences, the rise and growing sophistication of value chains, the increasing globalization of agriculture, and the expanding role of the public and private sectors in bringing about efficient and more rapid productivity growth.Van Ark (a) distinguishes three stages in a cycle of ICT deployment that feeds into economic growth, namely (a) that of investment in the ICT producing sector itself, (b) investment deepening in the so-called ICT using sectors in the wider economy, and finally (c) the “augmented” productivity effect from actually using ICT in the wider.

Role of Technology. New machines, technologies, and techniques are crucial factors in determining productivity. To take a historical example, consider the economy .